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The Anchor Buggy and Carriage Company

Samuel Levinson (photo top left) started the Stuart Manufacturing Company. Levinson retired from Stuart in 1958. Stuart, now solely owned by former partner, Dexter Balterman, moved to 337 Fifth Street because of increased Western toy demand. More space was needed. Levinson stayed at the 215 W.Fourth Street location to establish the Anchor Buggy and Carriage Company (see Stuart History). Anchor is a hallowed name in Cincinnati. Samuel Levinson had permission, since 1935, to revive the name for creating exact miniature plastic carriage models.

Anchor made colorful plastic carriage parts which snapped together for easy assembly. The detachable rubbery harnesses in black or brown were made for Anchor solid-bodied prancing horses. These models were sold in toy stores, department stores and hobby shops.

It is possible Anchor made other models but promotional materials were lost. The known sets are: Two Horse Sleigh (popular in 1885), Runabout (first vehicle of the early West with steel springs), Buckboard (used in the Western frontier), Surrey (1800s canopy-top family vehicle), Sulky (used as a racer), Landau (built for President Grant), Phaeton (six-passenger carriage popular up to the days of the motor vehicle), Victoria Carriage (built for Queen Victoria), Lincoln Carriage (built for President Lincoln), Convertible, Buggy and Welcome Santa Clause (4 reindeer, santa and sleigh. Note: Some of the reindeer horns have fallen off in the boxed set shown below). Anchor also made Champions, a set consisting of 3 Anchor buggy horses.

Anchor soft Plastic horses are 3 13/16 inches tall. Known horse colors are white (most common), black, silver and gray. Notice the difference in some of the harnesses in the photos, below.

In the United States, Anchor Carriage toys were especially popular in the Pennsylvania and Ohio Mennonite areas. One newspaper article dated July 6, 1962 reported that Levinson sold a million models in the U.S. before receiving offers from companies to market the toys in Europe. And, that he was traveling to Europe that August to complete arrangements with several toymakers who wanted to make and distribute carriage models to the Common Market countries. Anchor knockoffs were later made in Hong Kong, 1/72 scale. (Marcia Minor is to be thanked for some of these photos and for bringing my attention to the different harness styles.)